Social Accountability Monitoring



The focus for Foundation for Civil Society in this strategic area is to see that local government autholities (LGAs) deliver improved quality services to citizens. This is expected to be achieved through projects that put emphasis on social accountability monitoring(SAM), public expenditure tracking (PETs) and those on citizen engagements in planning, budgeting and policy influencing. In the current strategic plan the sectors focused to undertake SAM and PETs are Agriculture, Education and Water.


The notable approaches used to achieve the stated objective involve the use of tools such as:

  • Public Expenditure Tracking Surveys (PETs)
  • Social Accountability Monitoring (SAM) as social audit tools
  • Participatory methodologies for effective engaging citizen in planning and budgeting
    Therefore it is expected that collaborative efforts among civil society organizations (CSOs), citizens and other stakeholders will in turn influence the LGAs to adhere on transparency and accountability as well as respect and uphold the rule of law and procedures. This and making sure that citizens are involved in decision making processes on resources use and priorities setting will realize effective public service delivery.



The aim of FCS here is to ensure that local government authorities are effective and efficient enough to deliver services of good quality to citizens in their localities. Supported initiatives promote citizens’ participation and involvement in monitoring local authorities’ performances and expenditure of resources under their custody. As we know, good local government performance is important in giving positive public perception to the overall government structure and in boosting citizen morale to participate in development process.

How we work

FCS supports grantees/CSOs which influence and demonstrate fair, transparent, and accountable leadership which will lead to LGA delivering improved quality services. Capacity is provided to both networks and individual CSOs. The individual CSOs are grouped in thematic clusters and linked both horizontally and vertically by ensuring that the lessons generated are shared between and across CSOs and their networks. This enhances movement building from local to national levels in addressing common governance challenges. Lessons and good practices from cluster programmes are fed into ntionl civil society networks while the findings are used to enhance the ability of the networks to influence national governance issues.

Partners we work with

So far, Foundation has provided grants worth more than TZS 1,4billion to 29 CSOs implementing projects on SAM, PETs, planning and budgeting for the years 2016-2017. Furthermore, over TZS 3billion is being issued to other 57 CSOs for the same purpose for the current financial year 2017-2018.

Expected results (Outputs and Outcomes)

Foundation expects to see positive changes in practices of government bodies, influenced by social accountability monitoring, which in turn leads to Local government autholities (LGAs) delivering improved quality services to citizens. Results so far include:

  • 29 CSOs supported on SAM and PETS covered 12 regions of Kigoma, Geita, Kagera, Mwanza, Singida, Lindi, Mtwara, Manyara, Tanga, Morogoro, Kilimanjaro and Dar es Salaam.
  • The projects reached 68,713 citizens (male 39,086 and female 29,627).
  • There is recorded increasing local leaders and community members’ awareness on accountability and the need to ensure transparency in public spending.
  • A total of 42 PETS committees were formed following 63 public projects in education sector in Lindi, Mtwara, Manyara, Tanga and Morogoro regions. There is also increasing accountability and transparency on incomes and expenditures following PETS processes.


In 2017, FCS supported 57 CSOs on Social Accountability Monitoring (SAM) and public expenditure tracking (PETs) in water, education and agriculture sectors and to facilitate citizen engagements in planning & budgeting and policy influencing. Also 3 CSOs were supported to implement projects on public policy influencing at national level. These initiatives covered Kigoma, Kagera, Mwanza, Singida, Lindi, Mtwara, Tanga, Morogoro, Kilimanjaro, Dar es Salaam, Mbeya, Iringa, Ruvuma and Unguja regions.